SAP Business One is arranged into 15 functional modules, covering the typical functions in a business organization. The most widely used modules are Financials, Sales Opportunities, Sales – A/R, Purchasing A/P, Business Partners, Banking and Inventory.
Where setup of the various core settings in the application are done.
where common sales employee tasks link to the other modules.
Sales - A/R
where the sales flow (Quotation > Order > Delivery > AR Invoice) are managed.
where master data of Leads, Customer and Supplier are maintained.
where master data of goods to be sold/purchased are maintained and their quantity/value in warehouses are tracked.
where Bill of Materials master data are maintained and Production orders are created.
Material Requirements Planning (MRP)
where forecasts of needed items in sales/production are defined in order to make purchase order recommendations.
where employee master data (names, contract information, roles, etc.) are maintained.
where definition of Chart of Account are set up and the core Journal Entries can be created.
where Lead generation are used to keep track of potential Sales and Purchases.
Purchasing - A/P
where the purchase flow (Quotation > Order > GRPO > AP Invoice) are managed.
where payment of Incoming (sales) and Outgoing (purchase) payments are created.
where master data of resources (machines and people) to be used in production are defined.
where you define projects.
where management of service contracts are maintained and service calls are created.
Each module handled specific business tasks on its own, but is linked to the other modules where applicable. For instance, an invoice from the billing transaction of Sales & Distribution would pass through to accounting, where it will appear in accounts receivable and cost of goods sold.